Some groups allow for a more defensive game by making home plate a force out for first base. If the ball is hit to the left side of the field, the second baseman covers second base. She must make an attempt to get out of the way and it is the umpire's judgmental call whether the batter attempted to move. This bat was called a “bandy” because of its curved end, and the game later was called “Bandy Ball.” However, the game never stopped at where they originally intended. Slow-pitch softball is played with ten fielders but can be played with nine if needed. In that instance, the shortstop is responsible for third base. George Hancock. [74], The USA Softball Men's Fast Pitch National Team has won five World Championships (1966, 1968, 1976, 1980 and 1988) and three other medals. Softball is especially popular as a recreational activity for adults. Shaving bats require machine use in order to remove the inner walls of the bat to improve elasticity. There are four bases on the infield: First base, second base, third base, and home plate. Near the center of this square is the pitcher's mound, and within the circle is the "rubber", a small flat rectangular piece of rubber about a foot and a half in length. Third baseman must have great reflexes and be very quick on their feet because not only to they need to be quick to field a bunt but also if they are unable to predict whether the batter will bunt or hit, a ball that is hit may be a line drive to the face. In the infield there is the pitcher, catcher, first baseman, second baseman, shortstop, and third baseman. [40], Runners may advance at risk to be put out: on a hit by another player; after a fly ball has been caught, provided the player was touching a base at the time the ball was first touched or after; or (in fastpitch) automatically, when a pitch is delivered illegally. Others will allow a game to proceed when a team does not have the requisite number of women available but charge the batting team with an automatic out whenever the missing woman's place in the batting order comes up. The center fielder covers the area behind second base if the ball is going to be thrown in that direction. All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, The Amateur Softball Association of America, play with a ball 16 inches (41 centimeters) in circumference, United States Specialty Sports Association, https://www.coversports.com/blog/a-guide-to-softball-field-dimensions/, https://sportsknowhow.com/softball/dimensions/softball-fast-pitch-field-dimensions.html, "The History Of Softball. [40], In fastpitch, if the catcher drops strike three (a "passed ball") with less than two outs, the batter can attempt to run to first base if first base is unoccupied. Often, but not always, outside first base (that is, in foul territory) and adjacent and connected to it, there is a contrast-colored "double base" or "safety base". When Yale defeated Harvard in a football game, Harvard and Yale Alumni went crazy. Traditionally in the game of softball, the right fielder will have the strongest arm out of the two other outfielders. A batted ball driven in the air through the infield at a height at which an infielder could play it if in the right position is a "line drive". [73] The game is played in most schools and with a 1.3 billion population; the number of great players is turning out to be a boon for China. This rule encourages pitchers to be more responsible with the pitch and catchers to play defense, as balls which miss the catcher are now grounds to have stolen bases. When pitchers throw curveballs they snap their wrist and follow their arm across their body, making the ball curve to the outside of the plate. A famous young man, Abner Doubleday, was an inventor of Baseball. It's the same thing as if you are an American citizen, you should know the history of your country. Most shortstops are very quick, agile and think fast. Helmets and cages that are damaged or altered are forbidden. A foul ball may or may not result in a strikeout dependent upon what association and local league rules. In the outfield there is a left fielder, center fielder, and right fielder. Although the pitcher and catcher have the ball the most, each person has a specific job. Many softball players prefer to bat second because they feel they have more control in the last inning, since they have the last at-bat. Competitive fastpitch softball for girls is growing increasingly popular. The most recent tournament was XII Women's World Championship in June, 2010. If the batter reaches four balls, the batter is awarded the first base in what is known as a "walk". By the spring of 1888, the game had spread outdoors. It was coined by Walter Hakanson from YMCA. Since the outfielders are further apart from each other, it can be hard to hear each other. To compare, MLB players average around 90 mph but can reach speeds up to 100 mph.[39]. Although many people assume that softball was derived from baseball, the sport’s first game actually came about because of a football game. The defense's pitcher stands atop the rubber and pitches the ball towards home plate using an underhand motion. The ISF holds world championship tournaments in several categories. [49] While these modified rules are common, there are questions as to their place in modern adult sports.[50]. Softball is a game similar to baseball played with a larger ball (11 to 16 in. [40], Runners advance without liability to be put out: when a walk advances another player to the runner's current base; or automatically in certain special circumstances described below.[41]. If there is a "wild throw" (or "overthrow") in which the ball goes out of the designated play area, each runner is awarded two bases from the last base touched at the time of the throw. Softball is a variant of baseball played with a larger ball on a smaller field. The inventor of indoor baseball was George Hancock. [31] Lastly, painting bats is done because competitors purchase "illegal" bats that are dangerous and hazardous to the opposing team. Softball wasn't invented from a form of baseball. In male fastpitch masks are generally only used for medical reasons. There’s a thought around the origin of softball in which many people believe that this sport came from a variation of one of the best sports in the world: baseball. Many players use "sliding shorts", otherwise known as compression shorts in other sports. [5] Fast pitch is the most common form of softball in some states, such as Virginia. The runner runs for the foul portion of the double base after hitting the ball while the fielding team tries to throw the ball to the regular first base before the runner reaches the safety base. [40], A run is not scored if the last out is a force out or occurs during the same play that the runner crosses home plate. All decisions made by the umpire(s) are considered to be final. Depending on the team they can travel all over the United States or even out of the country such as to Canada, the summer and fall for many weeks and days at a time. The changeup is the staple off-speed pitch, usually thrown to look like a fastball but arriving much slower to the plate. [original research? It is estimated that 14.62 million Americans played at least one game of softball during the spring of 2015. Envisioned as a way for baseball players to maintain their skills during the winter, the sport was called "Indoor Baseball". 10. In 1991, women's fast pitch softball was selected to debut at the 1996 Summer Olympics. [75], "Indoor baseball" redirects here. The sport's popularity has increased dramatically the last 10 to 15 years, but few people realize softball has a lengthy history dating back to 1887. End loading of a cap refers to the addition of weight manually placed at the end of the barrel to distribute more weight at the tip. Since the silver medal at the Atlanta Olympics, the Chinese have now made softball a priority at all levels. The size of the ball varies according to the classification of play; the permitted circumferences in international play are 12±0.125 in (30.5±0.3 cm), in mass between 6.25 and 7.0 oz (177–198 g) in fast pitch and adults and males 13 and older for slow pitch, 11±0.125 in (27.9±0.3 cm), mass between 5.875 and 6.125 oz (166.6–173.6 g) in slow pitch for females 18 and younger, and kids 12 and younger. After the catch, runners must return to their original bases; if the defense throws the ball to that base before the runner returns, the runner is out as well, resulting in a double play. Below we dig a little bit deeper into the ins and outs of why softball was invented, how the game was created and how it was refined, the major differences between the sports of softball and baseball, and how the game has evolved over time to its more modern iteration. In fast pitch, a skinned circle 16 feet (4.88 meters) in diameter known as the pitching circle is around the pitching plate.[24]. Japan's win over the United States at the 2008 Olympics[72] reflects the advanced level of play in this East Asian country. Meaning the runner that is going from first to second will most likely be advancing to third, and in that case, the shortstop will be the cut off for the throw from right field to third base. He invented the game which is known as Baseball in Cooperstown, New York during the summers in 1839. The earliest known softball game was played in Chicago, Illinois on Thanksgiving Day, 1887. The inside curve is frequently thrown at the batters hands so as to jam them forcing a foul hit. To start play, the offense sends a batter to home plate. This includes ties. Riseballs may be thrown low in the zone and move higher in the zone or even below the zone and move into it. Softball originated in Chicago, with the first official women’s team being organized in 1895, approximately eight years after the game was created for men. The catcher is normally behind home plate in a squatted position (some plays may require the catcher to stand at an angle for intentional walks). However, the only player that can be substituted as an offensive replacement (pinch runner or pinch hitter) is the defensive player the designated player originally replaced, known as the "flex". You may have heard that a young man named Abner Doubleday invented the game known as baseball in Cooperstown, New York, during the summer of 1839. Balls are only called verbally, with no hand gesture. Safe calls are made by signaling with flat hands facing down moving away from each other, and a verbal call of "safe". [43] Pitchers usually tend to be tall, very flexible and have good upper body strength. A batter can also advance to first if hit by the pitch. The pitcher aids the batter by attempting to give the easiest pitch to hit. There is never more than one "plate umpire"; there can be up to three "base umpires", and up to a further three umpires positioned in the outfield. The Softball game was invented in the year 1887 by a reporter named George Hancock during Thanksgiving Day. The 117th meeting of the International Olympic Committee, held in Singapore in July 2005, voted to drop softball and baseball as Olympic sports for the 2012 Summer Olympics, but will be back in the 2021 Summer Olympics in Tokyo.[22]. SLOW PITCH SOFTBALL STUDY GUIDE HISTORY The game of softball was invented by George W. Hancock, of Chicago, in 1887. The New Zealand women's team have also won a number of World Championship titles in the past. The ISF recognizes three pitching styles: The pitching distance can range between 35 feet for younger players and 43 feet for older players. At higher levels of play, pitchers aim for the inner and outer corners of the plate when throwing fastballs and moving pitches. The game was moved outdoors in 1888. Our present set of rules are formed by the Amateur Softball Association of America (A.S.A. from one team on the field at a time. Shin guards also protect the kneecap. If on a tag play, the fielder loses control (after establishing control) of the ball and it leaves the field of play, one base is awarded.[40]. The sport started on Thanksgiving Day 1887 and was invented by a Chicago Board of Trade reporter named George Hancock. The shortstop doesn't cover second base only when a right-handed batter is up. After the batter is ready and all fielders (except the catcher) are in fair territory at their respective positions, the pitcher stands at the pitching plate and attempts to throw the ball past the batter to the catcher behind home plate. Many recreational leagues prohibit the use of metal cleats or spikes to reduce the possible severity of injuries when a runner slides feet-first into a fielder. Normally, the defensive team will play with four outfielders, meaning there is a left fielder, left-center fielder, right-center fielder, and right fielder. Rober may not have been familiar with the Farragut Club rules. The other walls are considered fair. While extremely rare in recreational play, there are sometimes different size gloves for different positions on the field. [40], No matter what level of play, all baserunners must keep one foot on a base until the pitcher throws the ball or until the ball crosses the front edge of home plate (depends on association). Variations in the grip cause the seams to "catch" the air differently, thereby changing the trajectory of the ball, making it harder for the batter to hit. Some leagues play with a reduced number of innings or with a time limit, rather than the traditional seven innings. One of the first publications of baseball was done in 1774 in England. There are however several key differences that can be observed as well. In fast pitch softball, the pitch is fast, there are nine players on the field at one time, and while bunting and stealing bases are permitted, leading off is not. From shop RealDreamArt. George Hancock, at the time a reporter for Chicago Board of Trade, invented the game of softball in 1887. The IOC funded a landmark biomechanical study on pitching during the games. The batter usually steps forward with the front foot, the body weight shifts forward, as the batter simultaneously swings the bat. This will prevent base-runners from advancing to unwanted bases. ], There are many different sanctioning bodies of softball: USSSA, ASA, ISA, NSA, WSL, USFA, Triple Crown and SASL just to name a few. In softball a pitcher pitches the ball at a batter who scores runs by hitting the ball and running from base to base. Catchers must know how many outs there are, the number of strikes and balls on the batter so they can relay that to their teammates. They are also closer to first base when they cut off a slower ground ball towards shortstop. Who invented Softball? Although it was known by various different names in the beginning, it finally got its official name of 'softball' in 1926. The very first softball league ever to be played outside of the United States was in Toronto. There are many different types of slapping and they all vary depending on the batter and their strengths. They may have cleats or spikes. Well, American Football fans also want to know who is the master behind the monster. Hancock and Dzananovic are credited to be the ones who invented softball. The final decision was to be made in a vote of the full IOC in Buenos Aires in September 2013. When the ball is hit to the right side of the outfield, the shortstop then covers second base. As a result of rule changes initiated by the Independent Softball Association which later made its way to the Amateur Softball Association and the International Softball Federation in the 21st century, most levels of slow pitch permit stealing bases, provided the runner starts when the ball either touches the ground or crosses the plate. In co-ed, male and female batters must alternate. AnswerIn 1887, George Hancock, a journalist for the Chicago Board of Trade, invented softball. There is a little league distance also: 35 feet for minors, 38 feet for majors, 43 feet for middle school. Softball rules vary somewhat from those of baseball. The defense can tag the runner, by touching the runner with the ball while the runner is not on a base. This game started a new and uniquely American tradition. It is about 12 in (about 30 cm) in circumference (11 or 12 in for slow-pitch), which is 3 in (8 cm) larger than a baseball. Shortstop also takes the cut off for the left field when the play is at second base. Who was George Hancock? Decisions are usually indicated by both the use of hand signals, and by vocalizing the call. When the result came out that Yale won, an excited Yale fan threw an old boxing glove at a Harvard fan. [33] A pitcher's glove is typically 11.5 to 12.5 inches for fast pitch or 11.5 to 13 inches for slow pitch. For safety, the first base in softball is double the size of other bases with an overall width of 30” (76.2 cm). The United States also has a competitive women's softball team that competes in international tournaments. However, the game quickly gained popularity and was once known as Indoor-Outdoor. There are also riseballs that break upwards frequently starting in the strike zone and ending above it. White balls are also allowed, but are very uncommon in slow pitch and fast pitch. Despite the sport's name, the ball is not soft at all. By allowing these and other modifications, softball can be enjoyed by children, teenagers, and adults. Softball was invented in Chicago in November 1887. [40], If a runner becomes entitled to the base where another runner is standing, the latter runner must advance to the next base. Answer (1 of 3): First time spectators at a softball game could mistake it for baseball. These are somewhat padded shinguards that extend usually from the ankle to the knee of the wearer and wrap all the way around the leg(s). The team did not acquire a coach until 1899 and there was little interest in the game from spectators. In the period prior to… In the period prior to… pelota , pelota •all-nighter, biter, blighter, fighter, igniter, inciter, indicter, inviter, … Each box is behind a line 15 feet (5 meters) long located 12 feet (3 meters) from each baseline. In fastpitch, the runner is allowed to begin stealing a base when the ball is released from the "windmill" pitching motion, but until recently, stealing was forbidden in slow pitch because a runner has the opportunity to get a larger head start while the slow pitch is making its way to the batter. Who Invented American Football? George Hancock, at the time a reporter for Chicago Board of Trade, invented the game of softball in 1887. The defense may decide to allow a run if it can achieve one or multiple outs. The third baseman is the position on the right side of the diamond when you are facing home plate. Retreating past a made base, negates the advance to that base. For example, if the pitcher pitches a fastball, in softball the ball would most likely rise while in baseball because the pitcher is on a hill, the ball would drop. Catchers are strong, need to be smart and quick on their feet, and have accurate throws so they can pick runners off at each base. The strike zone is slightly different in different forms of softball. Stealing in 16-inch softball is severely restricted, as a runner may only steal the base in front of them if it is open, and if they are thrown at, à la pickoff move or snap throw. [24] This is intended to prevent facial injuries. Team rosters may be changed. A helmet must have two ear flaps, one on each side. The exact dimensions of the first ball, crafted from boxing -glove laces by creator George Hancock, is unknown. Another pitch that breaks at the last minute is the curveball. A fly ball hit upward at an angle greater than 45 degrees is a "pop fly". Peterson, Brian. In all forms of softball, the defensive team is the fielding team; the offensive team is at bat or batting and is trying to score runs. Out calls are made by raising the right hand in a clenched fist, with a verbal call of "out". It was the Farragut Club that set the game rules for softball. Just like the catcher, first basemen may wear specific first base mitts, usually having a longer web allowing them to reach the taller throws over their head. Traditional outfield positions include a left fielder, a center fielder, and a right fielder. In the program of the Olympic Games softball was included for the first time in 1996. [59] The International Softball Federation has 113 member countries (excluding dependent territories).[60]. Major League Softball, played at Recreational Parks, include a variety of teams; Men's, Women's, Co-Ed. A right fielder will throw the ball to each base more than the other outfielders will because of their position in respect to the bases. In slow-pitch softball there is an extra outfielder in the outfield, who is specified as a roamer or rover. 1866- Vassar College was the first school to field two women’s amateur baseball teams.. 1867-A black women’s team, The Dolly Vardens from Philadelphia, was a professional baseball team.1872-Mills College in Oakland, CA established women’s baseball teams.1875- The “Blondes” and the “Brunettes” played their first match in Springfield, IL on September 11th. Pitches may reach high speeds: At the 1996 Summer Olympics one pitch reached 73.3 miles per hour (118 kilometers per hour). [33] However, in recreational and church leagues, these sizing rules do not apply, and everyone wears their own glove at a size that fits their hand. Softball evolves… Hancock’s game spread throughout the country and was especially popular in Minneapolis. With two outs, the batter can attempt to run to first whether or not it is already occupied. Softball, a variant of baseball, was invented as an indoor recreation in Chicago in 1887 by newspaper reporter George Hancock. First basemen however, can be both left- and right-handed. Softballs are pitched underhand, but baseballs are pitched overhand. PLAYERS AND POSITION Infield Positions Outfield Positions 1. (month and date) November, 1887 Where was softball invented? A softball game can last anywhere from 3 to 7 innings, or 1–2 hours depending on the league, rules, and type of softball. The game is widely promoted to maintain fitness, health, personal achievements and pleasure. For fast pitch softball, the traditional pitching style is a "windmill" motion, extending the arm over the body and releasing the ball at about hip level at maximum speeds. The spikes must extend less than 0.75 in (19 mm) away from the sole. There is also regular slapping in which a batter takes position on the left side of the plate and usually stands in the back of the box, but it is possible form anywhere. Center fielders technically serve as the "captains" of the outfield. It also helps if they can run fast but it isn't a requirement. In 1774, there was the earliest publication of this game in England. This results in many inexperienced players being thrown or doubled off when they attempt to advance on a wild pickoff at another baserunner. The softball pitcher makes a windmill motion while throwing underhand, unlike baseball pitchers who throw overhand. Runners with an open base behind them are not forced to advance and do so at their own risk; the defense must tag such runners directly to put them out rather than tagging the base. Let’s go over the rudiments of this game and who invented softball. By the spring of 1888, the game had spread outdoors. In the most common type, slow-pitch softball, the ball, which can measure either 11 inches, for a women's league, or 12 inches, for a men's league, in circumference, must arch on its path to the batter, and there are 10 players on the field at once. In many[quantify] US cities, adult softball teams are organized by bars and clubs, hence the popular term "beer league" softball. Hancock introduced an undersized bat and a softer ball that can be used indoors. near Williams Arena.' They protect the shin, calf, etc. No glove larger than 14 in (36 cm) can be used in ASA (American Softball Association) sanctioned play. They need not be touched on the same play; a batter may remain safely on a base while play proceeds and attempt to advance on a later play. A pitch that the batter swings at is also a strike, as is any hit ball that lands in foul territory that is not caught out. It has been called indoor baseball, mush ball, playground, softbund ball, kitten ball, and ladies’ baseball (because it’s also played by women). In games where one team leads by a large margin, the run ahead rule may come into play in order to reduce any potential embarrassment of weaker teams. A runner on base may see the pitch sign given by the catcher and hint it to the batter using hand or body motions. High school athletes are sometimes permitted to wear metal cleats, such as in Ohio.[34]. Within the game of softball, the center fielder is traditionally the fastest of the three outfielders. Several names for the game came about in the process. You may have heard that a young man named Abner Doubleday invented the game known as baseball in Cooperstown, New York, during the summer of 1839. invented softball was invented on . If there is a runner on first base and there is a hit down the line or in the gap to right field, the shortstop will then go for the cut to third. The rubber can be 40 or 43 feet away in fast pitch, or 43, 46 or 50 feet in slow pitch, from home plate, depending on age level and the league one is playing in. Pitchers use deception as a primary tactic for getting batters out as the reaction times are approximately half a second or less. George Hancock, a reporter for the Chicago Board of Trade, is credited with inventing softball in 1887. If there is a "wild pitch" in which the ball goes out of the designated play area, each runner is awarded one base from the base occupied at the time of the pitch. Softball is a beloved sport that is thought to have derived from baseball. Academic Search Elite. However, in advanced play pitcher and catcher play a psychological game trying to get the batter to guess where the next pitch is going and if it will be a strike. The outfield is the remaining space between the baselines and between the outfield fence and the infield. Many leagues also include a second first base immediately adjacent to the main one. The history of softball is an interesting one. The bat used by the batter can be made of wood, aluminum, or composite materials such as carbon fiber. It results in shorter games, as players are more apt to swing, even at marginal pitches, rather than risk striking out on one pitch. As we all know, softball is a popular sports in the United States as well as in other countries compared before when it was just an ordinary backyard game that... About Register Login ... Who Invented Softball? There are two rules codes for softball generally. The center fielder is part of a group of two other fielders that make up the outfield. Electoral College confirms Biden is next president In NCAA fastpitch softball, players have the option to wear a helmet with or without a face mask. The distinction is not absolute and there can be gradations within each. 1887; Farragut boat club in Chicago. These shorts also help to protect the upper thigh when sliding into a base. [40], Depending on the league in slow pitch only a foul ball with two strikes on the batter means the batter is out. As in baseball, fastpitch softball has a rubber used to control the pitchers delivery. Numbers such as 02 and 2 are considered identical. When a ball is hit up the middle and the shortstop catches it, they will flip the ball to the second baseman for the best result. As soon as the pitcher makes a throw, the fielders are ready to field balls that are hit in the middle of the diamond. This results in a ball being awarded to the batter, and any runners on base advancing to the next base. For example, if a player hits the ball and there is a runner on first, the runner on first must try to advance to second because the batter-runner is entitled to first base. Only decisions where a rule might have been misinterpreted are considered to be protestable. 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