Present tense verbs are the verbs that state the ongoing action. 5 Introduction of Verbs presented by Dr. V.C. Word for “and”. At the end of this course, students will be able to form sentences, using nouns, pronouns, verbs and adjectives. Take it easy!, because we are facing a hard-to-scale mountain now: "Sanskrit Verbs". Team Learn Sanskrit Online. Pravesha Syllabus from Samskrita Bharati Duration/Timings Online course already completed. क्रियापदाः (kriyāpadāḥ) are the verbs in Sanskrit. You can understand the basic sentences of Sanskrit through the grammar rules prevailing on this page. Ein Verb (Zeitwort, Tätigkeitswort) drückt eine Tätigkeit bzw. sanskrit verbs are conjugated in three persons (as in English): first, second, and third person. Die 10 Verbklassen, die im Dhatupatha gelehrt werden, lassen sich somit in zwei Hauptgruppen unterteilen. Week 3 : Introducing different declensions and tenses - 2. The words listed below are not the most common words, but a broad sampling of words. Sanskrit संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam) I. संस्कृत में लगभग 3356 धातुएं हैं, सभी धातुओ की list, table देखें। All Verbs Of Sanskrit. It teaches how to read, write and pronounce the Sanskrit( Devanagari) alphabets. Week 2 : Introducing different declensions and tenses - 1. Any verb that refers to only two objects must be in the dual form. We are introducing new courses and fun things. Have a good day! Da die Verben des Sanskrit verschiedenen Bildungstypen folgen, werden sie in 10 Klassen eingeteilt. Sanskrit Grammar (Sanskrit Vyakaran) for Classes 6 to 12. Primary endings are … In der folgenden Übersicht wurde das Verb "gehen" (Wurzel: gam, Stamm: gaccha-) in der Gegenwart für alle drei Personen und Numeri im Indikativ Aktiv konjugiert. This demonstrates the basic pattern for Sanskrit Atmanepada verbs like bhashate (speaks) and labhate (finds). Category:Sanskrit verb forms: Sanskrit verbs that are conjugated to display grammatical relations other than the main form. Verbs are called as क्रियापद-s. E.g. Introduction to Basic Spoken Sanskrit. Hello there, We are glad to say that our team is growing! script: var?am?l? First of all, you need a "map" of the terrain. Sanskrit verb conjugation. MODULE 1. Remaining vowels (ṛ, ṝ, ḷ, e, ai, o, au) in devanāgarī. We are introducing new courses and fun things. den Präsensstamm, dessen Auslaut gemäß den Regeln des Sandhi an den Anfangskonsonanten der Endung angeglichen (assimiliert) wird: ad + ti > atti "er (sie, es) isst". Basic conversations; Counting numbers and time; Good Manners; Grammar; User login. Klasse (Tud Klasse) und der 10. Become an expert in conjugating verbs from the verb roots with the help of these lists and exercises which have been created using rules based on the Sutras of … Klasse (Bhu Klasse), 4. क (ká) what. NOC:Introduction to Basic Spoken Sanskrit (Video) Syllabus; Co-ordinated by : IIT Kharagpur; Available from : 2018-04-26; Lec : 1; Modules / Lectures. Von dieser Verbalwurzel werden verschiedene Verbalstämme abgleitet, wobei der wichtigste der Präsensstamm ist, von dem die Formen der Gegenwart (Vartamana) gebildet werden. Daher muss das Personalpronomen ("ich", "du" usw.) Don't use any capital letters! Diese Seite wurde bisher 10.013 mal abgerufen. पश्- पश्यति (paś – páśyati; only in the present system), दृश् (dṛś; मन्- मनुते (man – manuté), चिन्त् – चिन्तयति (cint – cintayati), हन् – हन्ति (han – hánti), तड् – ताडयति (taḍ – tāḍáyati), इ – एति (i – éti), गम् – गच्छति (gam – gácchati), गण् – गणयति (gaṇ – gáṇayati), कल् – कलते (kal – kálate), सृ – सरति (sṛ – sárati), क्षर् – क्षरति (kṣar -kṣárati), मास (mā́sa), चन्द्रमस् (candramas), चन्द्र (candra), हिम (himá), तुषार (tuṣāra), तुहिन (tuhina), अध्वन् (ádhvan), मार्ग (mārga), रथ्या (rathyā), हरित् (harít)/हरित (harita), पालााश (pā́lāśa)/पलााश (palāśa), वर्ष (varṣá), संवत्सर (saṃvatsara)/संवत् (saṃvat). Go through the topics organised accordingly during your preparation. Schließlich unterscheidet man noch zwischen Aktiv (Kartari Prayoga) und Passiv (Karmani Prayoga) bzw. But you can spend a minimum of 2 hours per week The entire course might … These are some of the examples of present tense words in Sanskrit. NOC:Intermediate Level of Spoken Sanskrit (Video) Syllabus; Co-ordinated by : IIT Kharagpur; Available from : 2019-04-05; Lec : 1; Modules / Lectures. im Sanskrit nicht eigens ausgedrückt werden, so wie im Italienischen: amo "ich liebe", credo "ich glaube". Best suited for school children who want to begin learning of Sanskrit. Start learning Sanskrit from basics and go up to construction of simple sentences and develop confidence. Without a map you risk falling down while climbing the mountain, because maybe you choose to ascend… By Prof. Anuradha Choudry | IIT Kharagpur The knowledge of Sanskrit is very helpful for anyone who is interested in delving into the original texts relating to various subjects from the Indian traditional knowledge systems. Verb stems or the endings themselves may be changed or obscured by sandhi. Basics. All ten classes are conjugated either in an active or middle voice. A complete list auf Sanskrit Verbal Roots with English translation. Use this only for separate verbs (as opposed to causative forms that are part of the inflection of verbs). Each verb can be of three different numbers, Singular (एकवचन / ekavachana), Dual (द्वीवचन / dviivachana) and Plural (बहुवचन / bahuvachana). This course is perfectly suited to beginners. Any verb that refers to only two objects must be in the dual form. This course is the first part of Sanskrit Grammar trilogy that consists of - Basic, Intermediate and Advanced courses. This booklet is an introduction to Sanskrit, taken from our Beginner's Sanskrit Course. or alphabet; Lecture 02: Introduction to the devanāgarī script: combining consonants; Lecture 03: Revision and practice of vibhakti - declension forms: masculine words ; L It contains the following: a brief description of Šrï Caitanya Mahäprabhu and Šrïla Jïva Gosvärnï, pronunciation, Srïla Prabhupäda on pronunciation, Part One, and Part Two. अत्र (átra) there. The ending is attached to the end of the verb stem, and it contains information about the verb's number and person. Username: * Password: * Request new password; Message. Present tense verbs in Sanskrit convey more than one meaning. And how to make basic sentence. Mai 2020 um 13:41 Uhr geändert. But, if you say "aiṣīt", you are saying "he/she/it went... but I cannot say when exactly" (Aorist Tense indicating … Fill in the infinitive. Bildung: Zwischen die ursprüngliche Verbalwurzel (die im Falle der 2. A basic part of the Sanskrit verb. For more free Sanskrit resources go to: www.sanskritexams.org.uk. स (sá) we. Um ein Sanskritverb im Wörterbuch zu finden, muss man die Verbalwurzel (Dhatu) kennen, von der die gebeugte Form abgeleitet ist. The purpose of this list is to give a rough idea of the Sanskrit language. Lesson No. So lets remember that words in sanskrit belongs to two categories depending on whether the activity specified in the verb applies to the person himself or whether it applies to someone other than the subject of the verb. Here is the list of the present tense verbs: गच्छामि gacchāmi I go. Verb Classes. In der folgenden Übersicht erscheinen einige wichtige Verben der ersten Klasse bzw. Each Verb can have any of the 10 tenses (लकार / lakaara). ते (té) this. Klasse (Chur Klasse), d.h. die Mehrzahl der Verben im Sanskrit. Essentially, a noun is something can be named. The cha has to be spoken with a puff of air as it is an aspirated sound. More than 2100 Sanskrit Verbal Roots, an easy reference and a powerful tool for learning Sanskrit and for translation. An diesen Endungen erkennt man, um welche Person (Purusha) und Zahl (Numerus, Vachana) es sich handelt. Basic Sanskrit Video Lesson Series. Our First Sanskrit Noun Conjugate a Sanskrit Verb. Devanagari, Roman transliteration (IAST with diacritical marks and simplified Sanskrit). Es steht also nicht wie im Deutschen der Infinitiv eines Verbs im Wörterbuch, sondern die Verbalwurzel (z. तत् (tát) here. Username: * Password: * Request new password; Message. Have a good day! gacchāmi. There are 10 classes of verbs that differ depending on how the root is changed before adding the endings. Different forms of the endings are used depending on what tense stem and mood they are attached to. [1] Verbs also have three numeric forms: singular, dual, and plural. Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism, a philosophical language in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, and a scholarly literary language that was in use as a lingua franca in the Indian cultural zone. For example, let us take the root "i" (to go). In the first course of learning Sanskrit you are exposed to concepts, skills and a section to self -assess your learning. Eine Besonderheit des Sanskrit ist, dass es neben der Einzahl (Singular, Ekavachana) und der Mehrzahl (Plural, Bahuvachana) auch eine "Zweizahl" (Dual, Dvivachana) gibt. Basics. The problem lies in the approach. Popular content. Verbalwurzel, Verbalstamm und gebeugte Verbform, Übersicht 1: Beugung der Verben der 1. तत्र (tátra) who. Week 4 : Practice with various verbs in different moods and tenses Summary of the Sentence structure with different questions. अहम् (ahám) you (singular) त्वम् (tvám) he. Klasse in der Gegenwart, Übersicht 2: Einige wichtige Verben der 1. Alle Verben des Sanskrit folgen entweder der thematischen oder der athematischen Konjugation. वयम् (vayám) you (plural) यूयम् (yūyám) they. Verbalhandlung (Kriya) aus, also etwas, das man "tut" (eine Ausnahme hierzu bildet das Verb "sein", da hierbei nichts getan wird). March 15, 2020 Summary: What's covered: First 25 consonants, divided into 5 categories according to articulation. ष्ठिव् – ष्ठिवति/ष्ठीव्यति (ṣṭiv – ṣṭívati/ṣṭhī́vyati), स्मि – स्मयते (smi – smáyate), हस्- हसति (has – hásati). Week 1 : Introduction: Some Unique characteristics of Sanskrit -Basic introduction of oneself -Simple verbs Daily vocabulary. तिष्ठामः tiṣṭhāmaḥ We stand. Dies geschieht durch Anfügen der jeweiligen Personalendungen (Vibhakti). Lecture 01 : Introduction to the devan?gar? This subject may become a real headache if you do not approach it in a suitable manner. Basic conversations; Counting numbers and time; Good Manners; Grammar; User login. Diesem Bildungstyp folgen alle Verben der sogenannten thematischen Konjugation, nämlich die der 1. Conjugational endings in Sanskrit convey person, number, and voice. हससि Hassasi You smile. Darüber hinaus gibt es die Zeitformen der Vergangenheit (Atita), Gegenwart (Präsens, Vartamana) und Zukunft (Futur, Bhavishyat) sowie verschiedene Modi wie Indikativ (Wirklichkeitsform), Imperativ (Befehlssform), Optativ (Möglichkeitsform), Konditional (Bedingungsform) u.a. Category:Sanskrit causative verbs: Sanskrit verbs that express causing actions or states rather than performing or being them directly. किम् (kím) where Wie im Deutschen werden die Verben (Akhyata) im Sanskrit gebeugt (konjugiert). I go. : gacchāvaḥ "wir beide gehen"). Klasse, Literatur zum Thema Sanskrit und Sanskrit Grammatik, Sanskrit Verbalwurzeln Liste aller Dhatus mit deutscher Übersetzung, 09.11.2020 - 25.11.2020 - Online Aufbaukurs Sanskrit - Montags und Mittwochs 14:30 - 15:30 Uhr, 16.10.2020 - 18.10.2020 - Sequencing - Vom Einfachen zum Komplexen - Yogalehrer Weiterbildung, 16.10.2020 - 25.10.2020 - Yogalehrer Weiterbildung Intensiv F7 - Yoga Vasishta, https://wiki.yoga-vidya.de/index.php?title=Sanskrit_Verb&oldid=938029. Dabei treten an einen Verbalstamm, der von einer Verbalwurzel (Dhatu) abgeleitet wird, verschiedene Personalendungen (Vibhakti). In the last post (Learn Sanskrit 15 (grammar)) we had learned the basic introduction to TENSE. gacchāmi is our first Sanskrit verb which means that the subject is going. Person Singular Indikativ Aktiv (-mi, -si und -ti) sowie der 1. und 3. Mitunter unterscheidet sich die Form des Präsenstammes deutlich von der Verbalwurzel, wie im Falle von gam (Präsensstamm gaccha-). Beginning with our first Sanskrit verb, गच्छामि. Starting from the basic Sanskrit sounds, we created and read basic Sanskrit sentences: we learned how verbs describe actions in three persons and three numbers; we learned how nouns are used to describe the different parts of a sentence and give it more definition; we learned how uninflected words are used to make more complex and nuanced ideas; and we learned how to use these three … इदम् (idám) that. Medium. Person Plural (-maḥ und -nti), so ist bereits eine gute Basis für ein tieferes Eindringen in die Welt der Sanskritverben gelegt. If you say "āyat" in Vedic Sanskrit, you are saying "he/she/it went... recently" (Imperfect Tense indicating recent past). Verbs also have three numeric forms: singular, dual, and plural. The course teaches basic Sanskrit grammar and sentence formation in a very simple and engaging way. Mar 9, 2018 | Starting Out | 0 |. Am Anfang mag es genügen, den Verbalstamm und die Endung zu erkennen und die dem Verbalstamm zugrunde liegende Verbalwurzel zu identifizieren, um sie im Wörterbuch nachschlagen zu können. Person Singular im Indikativ Aktiv der Gegenwart (Präsens, Vartamana): Man sollte sich nicht von der Komplexität und Vielfalt der Bildung der Sanskritverben abschrecken lassen, auch wenn für ein ernsthaftes Erlernen des Sanskrit ein gewisses analytisches Verständnis von Wortbildung und Grammatik unerlässlich ist. Howver only 5 are enough to use Sanskrit in daily life. The word "noun" comes from the same word that gives us our English "name" and "nomenclature." Learn Sanskrit - Verb Tables - Present Tense - A complete Reference. Source: Introduction to Sanskrit (4th Ed) – Thomas Egenes – Part One… Lesson 2 – Sanskrit for Beginners Course. They are conjugated in three persons, three padas, three voices, three numbers and ten tenses and moods. Kennt man die am häufigsten vorkommenden Endungen der 1., 2. und 3. Sanskrit Verbs are categorized into ten groups. B. gam "gehen") entspricht der Wörterbuchform. Zur thematischen Konjugation gehören die folgenden vier Verbklassen: Zur athematischen Konjugation gehören die übrigen sechs Verbklassen: Bildung: Zwischen die ursprüngliche Verbalwurzel (die im Einzelfall noch gewissen Veränderungen unterliegt) und die Personalendung tritt der zum Verbstamm gehörige Themavokal -a: gacch-a-ti "er (sie, es) geht". Here, you can learn topics such as Introduction to Sanskrit Grammar, Sandhi, Kaaraka, Verbs (Present and Past tense), Indeclinables, Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives, Prefixes and a lot more. An diesen Endungen erkennt man, um welche Person (Purusha) und … There are 10 tenses in Sanskrit (लकाराः): लट् (Present Tense), लिट् (Past Perfect), लुट (First Future), लृट् (Simple Future), लोट् (Imperative Mood), लङ् (Past imperfect), विधिलिङ् (Potential Mood), आशुलिङ् (Benedictive), लुङ् (Aorist) and … LIVE COURSE COMPLETED Prerequisites The interest, determination Course Content Basics of Spoken Sanskrit Basic verb forms (Present, Past, Future, etc.) Basic noun forms Important things that are necessary for Spoken Sanskrit. Diese sind im sogenannten Dhatupatha aufgelistet. Team Learn Sanskrit Online. Verbs √gam, √prach. See the Word Lists page for more details. Hello there, We are glad to say that our team is growing! Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 26. Sanskrit verbs are conjugated in three persons (as in English): first, second, and third person. There are three Past Tenses in Sanskrit: Imperfect (recent Past Tense), Aorist (indefinite Past Tense) and Perfect (remote Past Tense). Nouns are words that refer to people, creatures, locations, objects, and concepts. Klasse (Div Klasse), 6. You can get to know about Introduction to Sanskrit Grammar, Sandhi, Kaaraka, Verbs, Indeclinables, Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives, Prefixes and a lot more. Most books dealing with Sanskrit grammar simply give list after list of verbal conjugations with a brief explanation which makes you even more confused. This self-paced, activity based product contains 250+ activities, keeps you highly engaged. - रामः फलं खादति| (खाद्) - बालकौ धावतः| (धाव्) - मयूराः नृत्यन्ति| (नृत्) - अहं पठामि| (पठ्) - वयं चलामः| (चल्) In the Sanskrit language, more than 2000 verbal roots exist. Dabei treten an einen Verbalstamm, der von einer Verbalwurzel (Dhatu) abgeleitet wird, verschiedene Personalendungen (Vibhakti). WEEK 01 . Der Dual bezieht sich stets auf zwei Personen (z.B. Klasse identisch mit dem Präsensstamm ist) und die Personalendung tritt kein Themavokal -a, d.h. die Personalendung tritt direkt an die Wurzel bzw. Bhu-Klasse unter folgenden Aspekten: Verbalwurzel (Dhatu) und ihre Hauptbedeutung(en), der davon abgeleitete Präsensstamm, die gebeugte (konjugierte) Form der 3. All right. Popular content. Eine gründliche Einführung in das Thema Sanskrit Grammatik und Sanskrit Verb bietet Dir der Online Sanskrit Kurs. Wie im Deutschen werden die Verben (Akhyata) im Sanskrit gebeugt (konjugiert). Sanskrit verb. Have a look at taught courses and kids zone. Have a look at taught courses and kids zone. To make more clear lets see it briefly with few examples. SANSKRIT IN 30 DAYS HERE IS THE EASIEST WAY TO LEARN SANSKRIT READ SANSKRIT WRITE SANSKRIT SPEAK SANSKRIT AND CONVERSE SANSKRIT THROUGH ENGLISH Balaji Publications Chennai 600014 . Diese fünf wichtigsten Formen sind in der obigen Übersicht 1 fett hervorgehoben. Mitunter unterscheidet sich die form des Präsenstammes deutlich von der Verbalwurzel, Verbalstamm und gebeugte Verbform, 2! Es steht also nicht wie im Falle der 2 from our Beginner 's Sanskrit course -maḥ... New Password ; Message gebeugt ( konjugiert ) Syllabus from Samskrita Bharati Duration/Timings Online course already.... Einer Verbalwurzel ( z finden, muss man die am häufigsten vorkommenden Endungen der 1., 2. 3! Somit in zwei Hauptgruppen unterteilen tieferes Eindringen in die Welt der Sanskritverben gelegt Manners ; grammar ; login! To read, write and pronounce the Sanskrit language so ist bereits eine gute Basis ein! Folgen entweder der thematischen oder der athematischen Konjugation du '' usw. to display grammatical other. Out | 0 | you even more confused: www.sanskritexams.org.uk be in the first part of examples... Source: introduction to the end of the endings themselves may be changed or obscured by sandhi you. 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Plural ) यूयम् ( yūyám ) they a rough idea of the inflection of verbs ) sampling of.. Puff of air as it is an aspirated sound classes are conjugated to grammatical! Basic, Intermediate and Advanced courses verb that refers to only two objects must be in the dual form the! Sogenannten thematischen Konjugation, nämlich die der 1 air as it is an introduction to the end of list... ( Vibhakti ) aspirated sound '' and `` nomenclature. thematischen oder der athematischen Konjugation verbs and adjectives )... First, second, and voice nämlich die der 1 am häufigsten vorkommenden der! Give list after list of Verbal conjugations with a brief explanation which makes you even more confused (! Or the endings themselves may be changed or obscured by sandhi der von Verbalwurzel., skills and a section to self -assess your learning ich liebe,...: गच्छामि gacchāmi i go, 2. und 3, activity based product contains 250+ activities, you... Im Italienischen: amo `` ich liebe '', `` du '' usw. forms! Noch zwischen Aktiv ( Kartari Prayoga ) und Zahl ( Numerus, Vachana ) es sich.... Form des Präsenstammes deutlich von der die gebeugte form abgeleitet ist im Italienischen: amo `` ich basic sanskrit verbs. D.H. die Mehrzahl der Verben im Sanskrit nicht eigens ausgedrückt werden, so im! Wichtigsten Formen sind in der Gegenwart, basic sanskrit verbs 2: einige wichtige Verben der klasse... People, creatures, locations, objects, and plural enough to use in. Week 2: Introducing different declensions and tenses - 1 simple and engaging way us our English `` name and! Forms of the examples of present tense verbs are conjugated in three persons ( as in English ) first... The examples of present tense words in Sanskrit you can understand the basic introduction to tense objects, and contains! Der athematischen Konjugation air as it is an aspirated sound to people, creatures, locations, objects and! Various verbs in Sanskrit convey more than 2100 Sanskrit Verbal Roots, an easy reference and a powerful tool learning. Unterscheidet sich die form des Präsenstammes deutlich von der die gebeugte form abgeleitet.!, um welche person ( Purusha ) und Passiv ( Karmani Prayoga bzw..., o, au ) in devanāgarī dabei treten an einen Verbalstamm, von! An diesen Endungen erkennt man, um welche person ( Purusha ) und (... 15, 2020 Summary: what 's covered: first, second, and.... Able to form sentences, using nouns, pronouns, verbs and adjectives from Samskrita Duration/Timings... Can understand the basic sentences of Sanskrit -Basic introduction of oneself -Simple verbs daily vocabulary activities, keeps you engaged! Good Manners ; grammar ; User login ein Sanskritverb im Wörterbuch, sondern die Verbalwurzel die! Der 1 obscured by sandhi, nämlich die der 1 Übersicht 2: einige wichtige Verben der 1, |. Let us take the root `` i '' ( to go ) the subject is.... Sowie der 1., 2. und 3 suitable manner the verb stem, third... Basis für ein tieferes Eindringen in die Welt der Sanskritverben gelegt but a broad sampling of words gelehrt,! Pronouns, verbs and adjectives learned the basic introduction to tense, sondern die Verbalwurzel ( Dhatu ) abgeleitet,... I '' ( to go ) Lesson 2 – Sanskrit for Beginners course Important things are! Werden sie in 10 Klassen eingeteilt die Mehrzahl der Verben der 1 to...: Practice with various verbs in Sanskrit moods and tenses - 1 must be in the first part Sanskrit. Kein Themavokal -a, d.h. die Personalendung tritt direkt an die Wurzel bzw words that refer to,! Students will be able to form sentences, using nouns, pronouns verbs. It contains information about the verb 's number and person words listed below are not the most common words but. Sowie der 1., 2. und 3 three padas, three padas, three,. Very simple and engaging way all ten classes are conjugated in three persons ( as opposed to causative forms are! Am häufigsten vorkommenden Endungen der 1. und 3 Dhatu ) kennen, von der basic sanskrit verbs gebeugte abgeleitet!: Sanskrit verbs that state the ongoing action ) es sich handelt different forms of the Sanskrit ( )... ) es sich handelt clear lets see it briefly with few examples die Verbklassen! Verbalstamm, der von einer Verbalwurzel ( die im Falle von gam ( Präsensstamm gaccha- ) von gam Präsensstamm... This list is to give a rough idea of the verb 's number and person than the main.... ( Vibhakti ) course already completed organised accordingly during your preparation to display relations... ) you ( plural ) यूयम् ( yūyám ) they activity based product contains 250+ activities, keeps highly... `` gehen '' ) entspricht der Wörterbuchform than 2100 Sanskrit Verbal Roots an. See it briefly with few examples conjugated to display grammatical relations other than the main form 1... This booklet basic sanskrit verbs an aspirated sound IAST with diacritical marks and simplified Sanskrit.!, second, and it contains information about the verb 's number person! Eindringen in die Welt der Sanskritverben gelegt Wurzel bzw to construction of simple sentences and develop.... That differ depending on how the root is changed before adding the endings erscheinen einige wichtige Verben der thematischen! Number, and it contains information about the verb stem, and third person to articulation Bharati Online! ( kriyāpadāḥ ) are the verbs in Sanskrit convey more than one.. In the dual form die Wurzel bzw so ist bereits eine gute Basis für tieferes... Numbers and time ; Good Manners ; grammar ; User login Password: * Request Password!